What Is Arthritis?
Arthritis is an inflammation of joints. It can affect one joint or multiple joints. There are several types of arthritis, with different causes and symptoms.
What are the types of Arthritis?
The two most common types of Arthritis are
- Osteoarthritis (OA)
- Rheumatoid arthritis(RA)
Types of Arthritis range from those related to wear and tear of cartilage (such as Osteoarthritis) to those associated with inflammation as aresult of disturbed immune system (Rheumatoid arthritis).
Other types of Arthritis:
- Psoriatic arthritis
- Ankylosing spondylitis
- Reactive arthritis
- Infectious/ Septic arthritis
What are the symptoms of Arthritis?
The most common symptoms of arthritis include joint pain, stiffness and swelling. The range of motion decreases and redness of skin around the joint may be experienced. The symptoms are worse in the morning.
Tenderness of the inflamed joint can be present with or without pain. When the large joints are involved, such as the knee, there can be loss of cartilages with limitation of motion from the joint damage.
When arthritis affects the small joints in fingers, there can be bone growth and loss of hand grip.
Arthritis of weight bearing joints can lead to difficulty in walking.
Symptoms in some patients with certain forms of arthritis can also include.
- Gland swelling
- Weight loss
What are the causes of Arthritis?
- Cartilage is a firm but flexible connective tissue in your joints. It protects the joints by absorbing the pressure and shock created when you move and put stress on them. A reduction in the normal amount of this cartilage tissue cause some forms of arthritis.
- Normal wear and tear causes osteoarthritis, one of the most common forms of arthritis. An infection or injury to the joints can exacerbate this natural breakdown of cartilage tissue.
How is arthritis diagnosed?
Physical examinations to check the fluid around the joints (warm or red joints) and range of motion in the joints.
Blood tests that check for specific types of antibodies like anti-ccp (anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide), rf (rheumatoid factor) and ana (antinuclear antibody) are also common diagnostic tests.
Physicians commonly use imaging scans such as x-ray, mri and ct scans to produce an image of bones and cartilage. This is also to rule out other causes of symptoms, such as bone spurs.
What are the risk factors for arthritis?
- Family - History Some types of arthritis run in families, so you may be more likely to develop arthritis if parents or siblings have the disorder.
- Age - The risk of many types of arthritis including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and gouty arthritis increases with age
- Your sex - Women are more likely than men to develop rheumatoid arthritis, while most of the people who have gouty arthritis are men.
- Previous joint injury People who have injured a joint are more likely to develop arthritis in joints.
- Obesity - Carrying excess pounds puts stress on joints particularly on your knees, hips and spine.
What is rheumatoid arthritis?
- Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory arthritis in which all the major and minor joints are involved or associated with pain and stiffness. Women are 2-3 times more prone than men. It is an autoimmune disorder.
What are the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis?
- Small joints of fingers, toes, hands and wrist are inflamed.
- Morning stiffness more than 30 minutes or much longer seen with mild fever.
- Stiffness or restricted range of movement.
- Painful joints along with swelling.
- Rheumatoid nodules are seen in posterior aspect of elbow and in sacral region.
- More redness and ulcer in case of vasculitis.
How is rheumatoid arthritis diagnosed?
- Low hemoglobin count
- High esr (erythrocyte sedimentation rate)
- Rheumatoid arthritis factor may or may not be positive
- Ana (antinuclear antibody) test will be positive in 20% of rheumatoid arthritis cases
- Anti ccp (anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide) is a confirmatory test
What is osteoarthritis?
- Osteoarthritis also occur secondary to injury and is commonly seen in obese individuals. Microscopic changes in structure and composition of cartilage is the cause. The pain increases on walking and it is a slow progressive disease.
How is Osteoarthritis diagnosed?
- X-ray helps in understanding the intensity of damage.
- Hemoglobin, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, rheumatoid arthritis factor and urine routine tests are needed to rule out other arthropathies.
- X-ray correlates poorly with symptoms, but mri is useful.
- When the condition is particularly chronic or severe, Ayurvedic treatment for Arthritis can greatly reduce its debilitating effects or help prevent it from getting any worse.
- If its nature is medium-level chronic, Ayurveda can help to reverse the disease process, leading to a state of remission. In many cases, Ayurveda can actually offer a cure. Because the disease process is very well understood, Ayurvedic arthritis treatment can be applied that effect change at the root cause of the disease.
- In both cases of arthritis, strengthening Agni and removing Ama is the immediate concern. Without this, any other treatment will be of little effect. This is achieved by following a special diet that allows the Agni to become stronger and the body to begin eliminating excess toxins. In fact, vast improvements can be made in terms of inflammation, pain, swelling and stiffness just by diligently following the correct diet.
Ayurveda treatments for rheumatoid arthritis
- Ama pachana - Any disease can present an avastha called aamam. Amavastha can be seen in rheumatoid arthritis, so here we do aama pachana and at the same time raktaprasadana too
- Dasamoola ksheera dhara, dhaanyamladhara
- Rasayana prayogam
- Administration of rasoushadhis
Arthritis Treatment at Agni Ayurvedic Village
- At Agni, we strictly follow the principles of Ayurveda and customize the therapies considering the severity (Mild, Moderate, Severe) of the disease and the condition of the sufferer. The medicines and therapies are fixed after individual consultation through deep listening, understanding the need and analyzing the root cause. We restore the total quality of life by relieving the difficulties.
- We at Agni, being experts in Arthritis Management, realize pain as a highly subjective mind and body experience.
- We incorporate different diagnostic methodologies in identifying the root cause of pain and plan unique customized treatment strategies to eliminate the causes.